Following history taking, our highly trained staff will perform two basic ophthalmic tests on your pet to begin the initial exam. These tests measure tear production and intraocular pressure (IOP). Neither test causes any significant discomfort.
a small strip of paper is used to absorb and measure the amount of tears produced. Increased tear production may indicate ocular irritation, while low tear production indicates a condition called “Dry Eye.”
Following application of drops to “numb” the eye, the tonometer is gently touched to the surface of the eye to measure intraocular pressure (IOP). This is a test for glaucoma.
After these tests are completed, the ophthalmologist will enter the room and perform a thorough ophthalmic exam. An eye exam is completely painless and is performed with the room lights dimmed, using specialized magnifying equipment and light sources.
Sedation is rarely necessary for an eye exam and is avoided when possible since it impacts test results and the exam. A muzzle may be placed on your pet at our staff’s discretion to make the exam safer for all and aid in gentle restraint.
This includes slit-lamp biomicroscopy to look at the front portion of the eye and the external structures around it. Slit lamp biomicroscopy is performed to evaluate the eyelids, cornea and lens.
Indirect ophthalmoscopy uses a light source mounted on a headset and a hand-held lens to look deep inside the eye at the retina and optic nerve.
Additional tests may be performed as needed, or planned for a later date. You and your pet’s ophthalmologist will discuss diagnosis and treatment plans. The initial exam and doctor discussion generally takes no more than 30 minutes. You will leave with medications, informative handouts, and follow-up appointments as appropriate. Our doctors are expert at providing clearly understandable explanations. Feel free to ask questions before you leave. Future re-exams are typically less time-consuming than the first exam and the pre-tests may not be repeated every time.